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Marcel Duchamp
The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass)
1915-1923
Oil, varnish, lead foil, lead wire, and dust on two glass panels

109 1/4 x 70 x 3 3/8 inches
Bequest of Katherine S. Dreier, 1952 ©Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris / Estate of Marcel Duchamp Update July 17, 2012: © 2012 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris / Succession Marcel Duchamp

Philadelphia Museum of Art

Excerpt from Philadelphia Museum of Art:

Marcel Duchamp
The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass), 1915-1923


Additional Information

Carlos Basualdo, from Philadelphia Museum of Art: Handbook (2014 Edition), Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, 2014, pp. 340–341:

Marcel Duchamp’s The Large Glass is a work of art to be looked both at and through. Although Duchamp called the Glass “a hilarious picture,” he took it seriously enough to devote eight years to its intricate execution. As a twenty-seven-year-old newcomer to New York, in 1915 he began to work on this masterpiece, having first conceived of it three years earlier while sojourning in Munich. Each element of the Glass is the result of meticulous studies, calculations, and experiments. Accordingly, Duchamp prepared a voluminous body of notes that address the narrative described by the work’s full title. In 1934 he published ninety-four of these notes in The Green Box, which suggest possible readings of the imagery of the Glass, and document in painstaking detail the complex interactions and erotic tension between the enigmatic bride in the upper panel and her nine uniformed bachelors below.

In 1923 Duchamp stopped working on the Glass, stating that it was “definitively unfinished.” A few years later, while in transit following an exhibition at the Brooklyn Museum in 1926–27, the two panels were shattered. Ten years would pass before Duchamp repaired the glass fragments, laboriously securing them between new panes and housing the fabrication in an aluminum frame. Satisfied with the result and the appearance of the eerily symmetrical cracks in the upper and lower sections of the work, he declared it finished. Occupying the space in the Museum chosen by the artist a half-century ago, The Large Glass has become the subject of extensive scholarship, and the object of pilgrimages for countless visitors drawn to its witty, intelligent, and vastly liberating redefinition of what a work of art can be.

Continued: Marcel Duchamp
The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass), 1915-1923
, Philadelphia Museum of Art




[Image Credit: "Duchamp LargeGlass" by Source. Licensed under Fair use via Wikipedia.]


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Marcel Duchamp, (American, b. France, 1887–1968)
b. July 28, 1887,  Blanville
d. 1968
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